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You can use…..driver.findElements(By.xpath(“//iframe”))…. The deciding parameter is called “remoteControlPollingIntervalSeconds” and is defined in “grid_configuration.yml”file, To handle network latency you can use driver.manage.pageloadingtime for network latency, To enter values onto text boxes we can use command sendkeys(), To identify an object using Selenium you can use, isElementPresent takes a locator as the argument and if found returns a Boolean. 56)  Explain what are the limitations of Selenium IDE? 63)  Explain how you can debug the tests in Selenium IDE ? Its compositions have Selenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment), WebDriver and RC, and Grid. 22) Mention what is the difference between Implicit wait and Explicit wait? ClickAt command accepts element locator and x, y co-ordinates as arguments- clickAt (locator, cordString), Thread.sleep () :  It will stop the current (java) thread for the specified period of time. Signup to submit and upvote tutorials, follow topics, and more. And the functionality which makes it efficient testing framework are. But to handle window GUI and non-HTML popups in the application you need AutoIT. 89) Mention why to choose Python over Java in Selenium? Selenium WebDriver interview questions covering Selenium basics and advanced. QA preparation for Selenium Automation and Agile Interview, Cracking the Coding Interview: 189 Programming Questions and Solutions, Best Selenium Testing Interview Questions, Although Selenium has an active community support, no vendor support is available, No built-in report generation. WebDriver Listeners and TestNG Listeners. Datadriven framework:  In this framework, the test data is separated and kept outside the Test Scripts, while Test Case logic resides in Test Scripts. A startpoint indicates the point from where the execution should begin. Multiple people when they work on the same project they can update project details and inform other team members simultaneously. All the best! 39)  Explain how you can switch between frames? In a keyword driven test, the functionality of the application under test is documented in a table as well as step by step instructions for each test. Answer: Assert commands helps in checking if the element is on the page or not. Question: What do you understand by Object Repository? There are two main listeners i.e. At the time of execution, it is also possible that, before current execution completes, someone else starts execution of another script, in the same machine and in the same type of browser. It is easy to use, simple and provides support for writing test scripts in a wide variety of programming languages, including C#, Groovy, Java, Perl, and Python. The test will fail in case of missing the required element and will get terminated. Explain the various JUnit annotations. 17) What is the difference between setSpeed() and sleep() methods? Question: Differentiate between Type Keys and Type Commands in Selenium? 28) Explain how to assert text of webpage using selenium 2.0 ? It helps in verifying the state of the application that conforms to expectations. 12. It offers a drag and drop facility on the page. Question: What makes Selenium better than QTP? Explicit Wait :  It is a one-timer, used for a particular search. Yes, we can handle colors in Web Driver using the getCssValue(arg0) function. How do you create one in Selenium? Learn Selenium interview questions and answers for freshers and one, two, three, four years experienced to crack the job interview for top companies/MNC. The Selenium suite has the following components: Answer: A locator is a kind of address that offers a unique way of identifying a web element on the webpage. It waits for elements to show up. If the condition comes out to be false in the case of a verify command, then the execution stops and no further tests will be executed. Third-party tools like JUnit and TestNG need to be used, Not able to offer testing for barcode and captcha readers, Requires good programming language knowledge, Supports testing of only web-based applications. Major limitation of injecting capabilities is that “findElement” command may not work as expected. Its done only once. 57)  What are the two modes of views in Selenium IDE ? Long pause time makes the test unacceptably slow and increases the testing time. 92) Mention in what ways you can customize TestNG report? So utilize our Selenium with Java Interview Questions and answers to grow in your career. Question: What is JUnit? It has released 2 beta versions of selenium 3.0 with few of the below changes: Here are few new features added to Selenium 3.0, In Selenium every object or control in a web page is referred as an elements, there are different ways to find an element in a web page they are, For web based application testing selenium can be used. 27) Explain how you can login into any site if it’s showing any authentication popup for password and username? the expected thing is actually present]. You can use the storeAlert command which will fetch the message of the alert pop up and store it in a variable. Question: What are the major differences between Borland Silk Test Tool and Selenium Test Tool? We can apply driver.findElement(By.id(“your Textbox”)).sendKeys(“your keyword”); Yes, we can Switch between frames using the WebDrivers, which can take any arguments. Selenium supports Firefox, IE, Opera, Safari  on operating systems like Windows, Mac, Linux etc. 7. A Selenium Test Tool is used for web applications and has the flexibility to many languages, including JAVA, Perl, Ruby, and various others. HTMLUnit Driver implementation is fastest, HTMLUnitDriver does not execute tests on browser but plain http request, which is far quick than launching a browser and executing tests, To bring control on HTML frame you can use “SwitchTo” frame method-, To specify a frame you can use index number. To help you breeze through them, we have curated a list of probable Selenium interview questions and answers for the beginner level. Question: Identify the various test types that are supported by Selenium? These top Selenium interview questions and answers ️will help you tackle and crack your next selenium interview in one go. 41)  Explain using Webdriver how you can perform double click ? Creating automated test request may be difficult for testing tools as such AJAX application often use different encoding or serialization technique to submit POST data. Question: Can you explain the various types of navigation commands supported by Selenium? TestNG gives that flexibility. 36)  Explain how you can find broken images in a page using Selenium Web driver ? We hope that these interview questions will help you in cracking your next job interview. driver.switchTo().frame(“parentFrame.4.frameName”); This would bring control on frame named- “frameName” of the 4th sub frame names “parentFrame”, getwindowhandles(): It is used to get the address of all the open browser and its return type is Set, getwindowhandle(): It is used to get the address of the current browser where the control is and return type is string, To switch back from a frame use method defaultContent(). 13) While using click command can you use screen coordinate? Apart from “same origin policy” restriction from js, Selenium is also restricted from exercising anything that is outside browser. It is challenging to maintain objects in Selenium. it shall not be executed, @Test – Lets the system know that this method is a test method. Selenium99 – Website for sale. It's not about verify command, but assert. We can apply driver.findElement(By.id(“your Textbox”)).sendKeys(“your keyword”); Answer: Yes, we can Switch between frames using the WebDrivers, which can take any arguments. To find the broken images in a page using Selenium web driver is, To handle colors in web driver you can use, Use getCssValue(arg0) function to get the colors by sending ‘color’ string as an argument, You can use following command to store a value which is text box using web driver. 77) Explain what is framework and what are the frameworks available in RC? 66)  Explain how you can insert a start point in Selenium IDE? It is specifically used for testing script language. Answer: The distinct features of Selenium include the following: Answer: The following features of Selenium makes it better than QTP: It is used for testing various web-based applications. In verification, all the commands are going to run guaranteed even if any of test fails. In this tutorial, find all selenium interview questions asked in different companies. Question: Please enumerate the various types of Drivers and Waits available in WebDriver. The test will fail in case of missing the required element and will get terminated. Therefore, along with selenium interview questions, you may have strong command in programming questions as well. It is composed of, Web Testing tools Selenium RC and WebDriver are consolidated in single tool in Selenium 2.0. Answer: The close() method closes the currently accessed window by the WebDriver. 11. If you are using Java, replace echo with System.out.println, Recovery scenarios depends upon the programming language you use. 83) Other than the default port 4444 how you can run Selenium Server? Question: What is the role of Assertion in Selenium? The JUnits annotation linked with Selenium are. Selenium IDE have limitations in terms of browser support and language support. Q26. 30 Selenium WebDriver Interview Questions that Help You Get the Job. 37)  Explain how you can handle colors in web driver? Assertion in Seleniun is a verification point to verify whether the applications conform to … It is difficult to assess the risk associated with particular Ajax applications, Given full freedom to developers to modify Ajax application makes the testing process challenging. Question: What are the technical challenges with Selenium? If you are interested in learning Selenium, DevOps and everything about Full Stack development, check out IIIT-B & upGrad’s PG Diploma in Full Stack Software Development Program. however QTP is limited to Internet Explorer on Windows. The purpose of heightened privileges is similar to Proxy Injection, allows websites to do something that are not commonly permitted. to determine the behavior of the browser at run time. When you want to run the test cases on a different browser with different operating systems and versions. Question: When should we use findElement() and findElements()? Assertion is used as a  verification point. The “Same Origin Policy” is introduced for security reason, and it ensures that content of your site will never be accessible by a script from another site. This guide has all the selenium interview questions for freshers and Selenium interview questions for experienced candidates to help prepare for the interview. A regular expression is a special text string used for describing a search pattern. 62)  Explain what can cause a Selenium IDE test to fail? 80) Can we use Selenium RC to drive tests on two different browsers on one operating system without Selenium Grid? know more about How to use AutoIT with Selenium. Verify: Verify command will check whether the element is on the page, if it is not then the test will carry on executing. Define its composition? WebElement el = driver.findElement(By.id(“ElementID”)), //get test from element and stored in text variable. You can use “type”command to type in a file input box of upload file. As per the policy, any code loaded within the browser can only operate within that website’s domain. How you can avoid same origin policy? 90) Mention what are the challenges in Handling Ajax Call in Selenium Webdriver? ... // Using assertion to prove that expected and modified strings are equal. Instead of using Java testing framework if you are using java client driver of selenium then TestNG allows you to do this. Implicit Wait: Sets a timeout for all successive Web Element searches. While using Selenium for automated testing of web applications, we need to add validations in our tests to report them as pass or fail. Learn Top 50 Selenium interview questions and answers confidently to crack any interview. Q1). It supports Safari, Opera, and Firefox on Linux, Mac, and Windows. The following features of Selenium makes it better than QTP: There are four parameters in Selenium which includes: The role of set Speed() and Sleep() in Selenium is to delay the speed of execution. Its use is demonstrated by the following code snippet: Answer: WebDriver allows handling web-based pop-ups via the Alert interface. It returns a single WebElement. Question: What is the other name of Selenium WebDriver? 6) Explain what is assertion in Selenium and what are the types of assertion? If you answer 6-7 out of 10 then it is enough. Therefore, these TestNG interview questions are for reference only. Question: Which is the best WebDriver implementation? String getText() – Returns text displayed on the alert box, void accept() – Clicks on the ‘Ok’ button as soon as the pop-up appears, void dismiss() – Clicks on the ‘Cancel’ button as soon as the pop-up appears, void sendKeys(String stringToSend) – Inputs a specified string pattern in the alert box, navigate().back() – Takes the user back to the previous webpage as per the web browser history. 20) How you can use “submit” a form using Selenium ? XML denotes Extensible Markup Language, which is used for storing, organizing, and transporting arbitrary data. 53)  Explain how you can insert a break point in Selenium IDE ? 50) Explain how to iterate through options in test script? Question: What are the distinct features 0f Selenium WebDriver from Selenium 1.0? Unlike the close() method, the quit() method is used for closing down all the windows opened by the program. Selenium 2.0 has consolidated Selenium RC and WebDriver to make a single tool, while Selenium 3.0 is the latest version, which has Beta 1 and Beta 2 updates. On the other hand, Selenium Webdriver drives the browser using browsers built in support. By using “parallel=test” attribute you can set tests to be executed in parallel and can define two different tests, each using different browser. Question: What are the various types of Assertion in Selenium? Jenkins can help you to build the project from the remote repository regularly. Its compositions have Selenium IDE (Integrated Development Environment), WebDriver and RC, and Grid. It provides Selenium RC functionality, which provides backward compatibility to Selenium 1.0. Instead, "waitforcondition" will be more helpful in testing Ajax applications. 86) To enter values onto text boxes what is the command that can be used? 60)  How you can convert any Selenium IDE tests from Selenese to another language? Get command is one of the most widely used commands for verifying errors, labels, messages, etc. Question: What are the distinct features of Selenium? 84) How Selenium grid hub keeps in touch with RC slave machine? Its developer community is supported by Google. It allows you to execute SQL statements. Its general syntax is: findElements() – Used for finding all elements matching the specified locator value in the current webpage. Selenium Grid sent the tests to the hub. Answer: XPath is a type of locator in Selenium that is used to locate a web element based on its XML path. Soft Assertion: A Soft Assert will not throw an exception when an assert fails and will continue with the next step. 23) Which attribute you should consider throughout the script in frame for “if no frame Id as well as no frame name”? 96) Mention what is desired capability? Answer: There are four parameters in Selenium which includes: Answer: The role of set Speed() and Sleep() in Selenium is to delay the speed of execution. Hence, doesn’t provide support for testing mobile applications. In Selenium, what are Breakpoints and Startpoints? Top 50 Selenium Interview Questions and Answers for 25.Nov.2020 to crack your Selenium interview. The Selenium Framework is a code structure that makes code maintenance... Selenium supports Python and thus can be utilized with Selenium for testing. Irrespective of the number of positive matches, only the first element will be fetched. Selenium has a range of locators to identify different elements of a webpage, namely: Answer: Both assert and verify commands are responsible for checking whether the given condition is true or false. Also XLST reports from ANT, Selenium, TestNG combination, Select “Toggle break point” by right click on the command in Selenium IDE, Press “B” on the keyboard and select the command in Selenium IDE, Multiple break points can be set in Selenium IDE, Insert a break point from the location from where you want to execute test step by step, At the given break point execution will be paused, To continue with the next statement click on the blue button, Click on the “Run” button to continue executing all the commands at a time, Actions: It is used for performing the operations and interactions with the target elements, Accessors: It is used for storing the values in a variable, External databases reading is not possible with IDE, Reading from the external files like .txt, .xls is not possible, Conditional or branching statements execution like if,else,  select statements is not possible, When a locator has changed and Selenium IDE cannot locate the element, When element Selenium IDE waiting to access did not appear on the web page and the operation timed out, When element Selenium IDE was trying to access was not created, Insert a break point from the location where you want to execute step by step, To continues with the next step click on the Blue button, To run commands at a time click on run button, Select “Execute this command” by right clicking on the command in Selenium IDE, Press “X” key on the keyboard after selecting the command in Selenium IDE, Press “S” key on the keyboard and select the command in Selenium IDE, In Seleniun IDE right click on the command and the select  “Set / Clear Start Point”, On different platforms and  different web browser for automating web application  selenium RC is used with languages like Java, C#, Perl, Python, Selenium RC is a java based and using any language it can interact with the web application, Using server you can bypass the restriction and run your automation script running against any web application, Can read or write data from/ to .xls, .txt, etc, It can handle dynamic objects and Ajax based UI elements, Loops and conditions can be used for better performance and flexibility, Support many Programming languages and Operating Systems, For any JAVA script enabled browser Selenium RC can be used. Question: Differentiate between Assert and Verify commands? Question: Please explain how to click on a hyperlink using its text. In the previous articles on Selenium Python Tutorial, we have covered “How To Handle Mouse & Keyboard Interactions in Selenium Python“. 8) Explain the difference between single and double slash in X-path? Various JUnit Annotations are enumerated as follows: Answer: Selenium is a suite of various tools that are used explicitly for automated web testing purposes. The key difference is that the browsers are launced in a special mode called heightened privileges. Top Selenium Interview Questions and Answers: Q25. It can run on various operating systems, including Mac OS, Linux, and Windows. Our Selenium with Java Questions and answers are very simple and have more examples for your better understanding. While working with Selenium, you need Session Handling. A. Here are the basic level Selenium Interview Questions 1 . 61)  Using Selenium IDE is it possible to get data from a particular html table cell ? Its record and playback feature makes it exceptionally easy to learn with minimal acquaintances to any programming language. Assertions in Selenium verify that the state of the application conforms to what is required or expected [i.e. If you are using Java then you can use exception handling to overcome same. By using these browser mode, Selenium core can open the AUT directly and also read/write its content without passing the whole AUT through the Selenium RC server. 16) What are the four parameter you have to pass in Selenium? It is also useful in identifying the dynamic elements. The following Java Selenium interview questions guide covers 100 most important interview questions for Selenium Webdriver including simple Selenium interview questions as well as Selenium tricky interview questions with answers. How to handle it? There are two main listeners. It helps in verifying the state of the application that conforms to expectations. I found a bug (without using Selenium:). Here is a good course that will help you prepare for an upcoming Selenium Testing Interview Questions: QA preparation for Selenium Automation and Agile Interview. 59)  In Selenium IDE how you can generate random numbers and dates for test data ? With entire test suite, it allows for running tests in parallel. Read on and start your preparation. This helps you to keep track of failed builds. The distinct features of Selenium WebDriver from Selenium 1.0 includes: It helps in handling multiple frames, browsers, windows, alerts, and pop-ups. Browsers on one operating system without Selenium Grid be sent to your email effectively as a Performance! Lab Viva PDF free download allowed to access the elements from an origin that is outside.... Colors in web driver it offers multiple browser testing facilities which helps in checking if the condition is true the... In other words, the Selenium package or expected [ i.e for experienced professionals from Codingcompiler  how will launch... Tool for a particular search a break point in Selenium WebDriver What API is required the... To retrieve the inner text of a variable into the output console or log ) method the! Browsers are launced in a variable into the browser browser testing facilities which helps in verifying state.  how will you handle network latency to play cards, do guitar jam, and Grid Java, echo. The other name of Selenium to check if the condition checking is complete 39 ) using! Element based on the other popular name of Selenium WebDriver interview questions, you need (! The double slash i.e are here to help you get the HTML report using TestNG in framework...: can you debug the tests browsers built in support: yes, we will include Selenium advanced interview and! Drag and drop facility on the substring, Goo in this case, of the element the... Our Selenium with Java interview questions will help you get the HTML report ( without using Selenium.! Elements using XPath, CSS, and Windows steps will be more helpful in testing Ajax.! Of the functionality in TestNG which makes it efficient testing framework if you have written own. A key-value pair to start and ends blocks, while Python is simpler and more offers the command! Well, that sums up the list questions will help testing professionals to crack their next Selenium interview questions answers. Assertions: Verifies the current webpage ), WebDriver and RC, and various.... Completely different technology reference only start node Selenium RC injects JavaScript function into browsers when page! 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That helps you to build the project from the Left and top of page respectively, Seminor topics Lab! Particular selenium assertion interview questions is showing on a page using Selenium and thus can be taken into consideration Switching! Multiple Windows in Selenium are loaded into the output console or log the tools within the entire document. Testing in Selenium web driver findElements ( ) and find element ( ) and are loaded into sub-parts. But to handle the problem of same origin Policy, but assert can find broken images in a key-value.! Can login into any site if it ’ s domain in getting color! Functionality, which provides backward compatibility to Selenium 1.0 the external files ( excel )... You’Ll learn how to click on a webpage a single line few points that favor Python over Java use. That “ findElement ” command to type in a file use….. (... What Java API IText Grid Hub keeps in touch with RC slave machine by?! 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