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If you have horses and a garden, you'll have to be careful that you do not have certain plants on your property. Animal Sci 1996; 63: 337-342. If you or your help pull small bales apart to feed, the flakes will fall and separate ( or should do if it is good hay properly cured), and you will soon detect any poor smell or visual surprises.  The risks of large rounds is the same for the larger square bales. Tifton: This is actually a type of Bermudagrass. Just be sure to check the moisture and follow the storage rules below. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Horse owners have been wetting or soaking hay as a feed management practice for many years. Horses need fibre, lots and lots and lots of fibre. Acid Treated Hay for Horses While many horse owners select hay for their horses based on different characteristics (color, smell, type of hay or hay mix) one characteristic that remains the same for all hay is having a dust free and mold free bale. It's a handy system, and a very common one for horses in my part of the West. Additionally, red clover is high in nutrients, but sometimes affected by a mold that causes harmless — … Hay that contains contaminated ryegrass can remain toxic for many years. Horses are not the only animal susceptible to ryegrass toxicity; cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be affected as well. Hay should be dry to the touch. Some balers even read every bale as they go through the machine. 4727 NW 80th Ave. • Ocala, FL 34482 • 352 369 1104 • FAX 352 369 1521 For highest ‘sweetness’ the perfect time to cut hay is around 10 a.m. Both because the outside 1/3rd to 1/2 of the round bale may be poor feeding for horses due to water, mold, fungus etc. Good quality hay is soft, green and pleasant smelling. Cattle aren’t as sensitive to moldy hay, but certain molds can result in mycotic abortions or aspergillosis. If, however, the hay in the round bale was of questionable quality, several factors may have contributed to colic. Buying hay can be difficult, but it really is worth it to be particular because poor hay can … The horses will just leave the stuff they don't like and this waste is just part of feeding hay, IMHO. Oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar (NSC), so this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. They also develop urinary incontinence and an atonic rectum that becomes impacted with feces. Big Rounds Versus Small Squares Most horses tolerate more than 20% NSC without adverse effects, and most grass hays, especially those from the Eastern states, contain only 7-18% NSC, with an average of … See notes below for special circumstances for underweight/ill/rescue horses. First Cut Versus Second Cut It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. 1997; 18:11 731-735. Hay That Gets Wet Probably the very worst way to store hay is in a steel container. Grass type horse hays have a lower nutritional value than legumes, but are considered ‘safe’ hays, because it is harder for a horse to over eat or have a reaction to grass hay. These behaviors arise from low levels of forage in the diet and include wood chewing and cribbing. Stems smaller in diameter or finer are also indicators of higher quality horse … Sadly, each year, horse barns and farmers storage barns burn down, horses become sick from respiratory disease and colic and a myriad of other diseases such as Cushings. Some types of mold may cause colic or can cause a pregnant mare to abort. The grass is often softer too depending on the types of grass. In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. But there was greater dry matter loss after 12 hours of soaking compared to the other soak times. Why do farmers add these products? Bales should be consistent in weight (too heavy indicates mold or too much … If foxtail millet hay is fed to horses, additional calcium supplementation will be required as it is high in oxalates which are substances that make it difficult for the horse to absorb the calcium in its diet. The digestive system of a horse needs time to adjust to changes whether it be grain or hay, so be sure to add just a little bit of new with the old and switch over slowly. Wet hay or hay stored in damp conditions can lead to the growth of mold. Hay that is baled with too much moisture will also ‘dust’. I don’t think so! There is a lot more to haymaking than ‘Making Hay While the Sun Shines,’ though that is a necessary start. Recent research (Moore-Colyer et al., 2014) found that soaking hay increased bacterial contamination, leading to a reduction of the hygienic quality , which could potentially compromise the health of the horse. Authors: Krishona Martinson, Equine Extension specialist; Marcia Hathaway, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Hans-Joachim Jung, adjunct professor emeritus, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences; Craig Sheaffer, professor, College of Food, Agriculture and Natural Resource Sciences, Jennifer Earing, former postdoctoral student, College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences; Roy Johnson, Cargill; Jim Paulson, former dairy Extension educator; and Sarah Ralston, VMD, Rutgers. In Proceedings, ENSP Annual Symptoms. Sign In If you have a worry that your stack is becoming too hot, then contact your Fire Department. Conf. During this time, if the moisture content is too high, the risk of spontaneous combustion within the hay stack is also high if the moisture content is over 14%.  There are lots of tools to help you ascertain the exact percentage of moisture in your hay including hay wands and moisture testers. Soaking didn’t affect Ca leaching in the more mature hays. As your horse spends hours with his nose in hay for much of the year, it is not surprising that he might be affected in this manner. Privacy Policy | Questions, please contact The Equine Chronicle Some grasses like Brome and Timothy ae flexible with cutting and don’t lose nutritional value quickly. Alfalfa is a good source of nutrients for sport horses, but owners might want to avoid offering it when horses are working hard in hot weather, … I try and store the hay two or three weeks to cure before feeding. Ideally, Ca:P ratios should range from 1:1 to 3:1 (up to 6:1) in horse rations. Mouth ulcers, also called hay blisters, can be caused when horses ingest foxtail (Setaria species).Foxtail seedheads are green to light green in color, and resemble a bottle brush or a fox tail. Feed soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth. "If the horse is receiving enough calories to meet its requirements from the forage being fed then no oats are needed and no oats should be fed." Researchers suggest complete rations (hay, grain and supplements) should contain less than 12 and 10 percent nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC)(starches and sugars in forage) for horses with laminitis and PSSM, respectively. 1994; 828-868. Also, legume-based hay may be too rich in nutrients for an easy-keeping horse that’s prone to weight gain, or a horse that’s mostly retired and has lower energy needs. If you don’t consider dry matter loss, this may lead to unwanted weight loss or poor horse behaviors. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. Are Hay Preservatives Safe for Horses? Learn which factors can impact hay quality and nutrient content. Hay cubes and pellets may have a greater risk of choke in some horses and are typically recommended to be soaked in water before feeding. Before doing it, there are some things you should know. Grass hays differ by region, depending on what grows best in the area. Third cut hay is considered a “rich” hay, it’s nutrient dense but the lack of fibre can be problematic and cause digestive issues. Opening up the stack that is suspected by smell or heat measurement of combustion being imminent can cause a blow up as oxygen hits the fire or the gases that build up inside the stack. These common weeds, trees, plants, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to horses and ponies. 360 pages. While you might think treating hay with acid might create problems for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this is not the case. Mouth ulcers, also called hay blisters, can be caused when horses ingest foxtail (Setaria species). Feed soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth. Bad horse hay? First, if you have only a few horses, the round hay bale can lie in the feeder for a long time. Oat Hay Analysis (average) Crude Protein – 8.0% – 10.0% Crude Fiber – 28% NSC – average of 22.1% DE, Mcal/Lb – 0.82 – 0.96 Calcium – 0.29% Foxtail seedheads are green to light green in color, and resemble a bottle brush or a fox tail. Make sure to add more hay to the ration to account for dry matter loss when soaking. We always sell the bottom of the stack out for mulch hay and never feed it, but then depends on turnover and storage conditions. Many of these situations are avoidable, so here are, in my opinion, “The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay Making,” in no particular order. And with horses who like to paw & put holes in them. So we won’t. If your feed merchant uses this method, beware. Krook L, Maylin GA. Fractures in Thoroughbred race horses. Very dusty hay is sign of mold and is not safe for use. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Again, this improves air flow and improves safety of the stack and hopefully prevents it from tumbling down. Hay can also be useful when keeping horses indoors, and while transporting them. The stems are thin and flexible, and it has a high fibre content. Oat grass. I cannot tell you how many hay dealers have come and checked our hay and told us, we want these bales bigger, weighing seventy pounds. But grass hays had good Ca:P ratios during all soaking lengths. yes, dusty/moldy hay can turn a grand prix horse into a horse that not even a person who wants a "pet" will take. Jennie Ivey, University of Tennessee Extension Equine Specialist, says foxtail does not produce a … Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Also with hay malls and older barns be aware they may look strong through the joists but may have been built for loose hay back in the day. Baling and cutting alfalfa is a whole other topic too. For example, if the hay contained mold there is some chance the horse ingested enough to cause digestive upset. It is important that you check the quality of hay you use in your horse’s diet by core sampling and sending out for testing so you know what its protein content is and value to your horse’s overall nutrition. High protein feeds, including alfalfa hay, should ONLY be fed when required as a supplement to improve protein levels; but should never be used as a primary staple or to replace grass hay. Other problems can occur when grass is extremely mature at baling. a-e values within a row not sharing a common superscript letter are significantly different (a statistical method used to separate results). You don’t want a damp or musty smell. Smell like hay (kind of a sweet smell). 2. This is the cut that’s taken before the hay blooms and is a good, solid, hay! Cottrell E, Watts K, Ralston S. Soluble sugar content and glucose/insulin responses can be reduced by soaking hay in water. This does not mean that it is a bad thing to do, it is just we don’t want to use an inferior product for our horses. Hay with 500,00 to 1 million cfu/g is relatively safe, while hay with over 1 million cfu/g of mold should not be fed to horses due to the risk of respiratory issues. 1997 found that horses with HYPP need complete diets less than 1 percent K. Moore-Colyer 1996 found that soaking hay for 30 minutes reduced respiratory problems for horses with COPD or heaves. Hay that contains contaminated ryegrass can remain toxic for many years. Nat. These hays are immature. If you don’t want the sugars up in the stalk, then you cut it late in the day. Horses are impacted the most by moldy hay and can lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves. Both grass hays had NSC levels above 12 percent. Nutrient loss from soaking can be accounted for by looking at dry matter. Checking hay in bright light should reveal if it is edible for horses. Poor Hay. While soaking reduces K, neither alfalfa or orchardgrass is a good option for HYPP horses. The horse that tends to overeat can be put in a nearby corral for part of each day or night. “Too much of this nutrient”, “not enough of that nutrient” are common phrases found in discussions regarding alfalfa hay for horses. Rhodes grass is a good horse pasture for Australian conditions and is easy to find from most seed stockists. If you have a hay mall, then do whatever you can to increase air circulation and obviously no roof leaks allowed. Among show horses, in fact, many trainers exclusively feed alfalfa to avoid “hay belly.” When overly mature fibrous grass hay is fed, the abdomen can become pendulous whereas a high-quality digestible alfalfa hay will help produce a desirable tucked abdomen. Too much protein is not necessarily good for horses, while for dairy cows it is beneficial. Longer soaking times lead to greater reductions. Each of these elements play a role the diseases mentioned above. Baling hay that shows a moisture content of over 14% can be a recipe for disaster and is not recommended. Both of these forages are naturally high in K. Complete feeds designed specifically for HYPP horses offer an alternative feed option. Hay Preservatives The high nitrogen can cause colic, the high protein and sugar content can cause and aggravate Cushings. © 2009; 727-740. "Last year's drought meant that Missouri's hay crop, which is usually balanced very well for a horse's nutrition, was much poorer than usual," said Philip Johnson, professor of veterinary medicine and surgery. They most certainly won’t smell significantly enough for detection for a handler to notice, if baled in the center of a round bale. Add a layer of tarp and shavings on top to prevent this. The demand for "quality horse hay" is strong with price fluctuations depending on availability. This hay had already started to seed, and it was past cutting prime. Since oat hay tends to be higher in nitrates and also high in sugar, this hay is not an option for insulin resistant horses. This may be relevant if you run a horse rescue and have horses that are not used to richness in hay where it might make them sick, or for horses suffering from Cushings or other metabolic disorders.  Just as when you shop for your own food, you hopefully are aware of its provenance as much as possible, it pays to apply the same rule for your horse hay. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. Mold grows when the temperature is above 80 F and the humidity is above 60 percent. Effects of soaking hay fodder for horses on dust and mineral content. Leave a minimum of half inch gap between and around every bale on the layer. It is generally recommended that long-stem forage make up at least 50% or more of the horse’s total forage intake to maximize “chew time” and other digestive benefits. Frank N. Insulin resistance and equine metabolic syndrome. Oat Hay. Dicumerol clears quickly. Other problems can … Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). … Soaking hay in water is a common way to care for horses diagnosed with one of the following. In proceedings of the ESS 2005; 293-298. But there's a downside. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. Never try and take apart a hay stack that is in a combustion state however ‘mild’ it may appear without professional help. University of Minnesota Equine Extension Program This is mostly due to lower Ca amounts prior to soaking. Find a good source and stick with it. The other problem with round bales can be because they are so large and don’t break easily into flakes it is hard to smell or check the bale for any dead rodents or other animal tissue. 2. Yes, farmers are becoming high tech each year. National Research Council (NRC). This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. Horses may bleed if moldy sweet clover hay is a large part of their diet for several days. In order to manage lamintic horses and reduced amounts of carbohydrates in harvested forage, horse owners have resorted to soaking hay. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. Reynolds JA, Potter GD, Greene LW, Wu G, Carter GD, Martin MT, Peterson, TV, Murray-Gerzik M, Moss G, Erkert RS. First, cut hay also has a lower fat and protein content. Foals can get legs and heads caught in them, even adult horses can put their hoof through and get caught. Oat hay, like all grass hays, meets the nutritional needs of herbivores that need high fiber and low protein." Newly cut hay is going to be much richer than last years cut, and if it comes from a different source/field will also have a different make up to the previous hay you have fed. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes is a good way to manage these horses, but only soak hay if your preferred hay isn’t available. Eds. I will use it as a supplement, but not as a main dietary source. A high performance racehorse may benefit from alfalfa or mixed alfalfa. Heaves. The nutrition of the hay will be diminished to some extent which will make it a poorer product though these bales are still very suitable for cattle and pig feeding. Hay with less than 500,000 cfu/g of mold is considered good quality. Soaking hay is a cumbersome, messy, and time consuming process. Affected horses show weakness and any unsteady gait of the hind legs. The Seven Deadly Sins of Horse Hay. There are many types of grasses, timothy, orchard etc. 3. You can buy out of the wagons and will usually receive a discount from the farmer for doing this, as it saves double handling. Cool-season grasses include orchard grass, timothy, tall fescue, reed canary grass, bromegrass and prairie grass. Rambo, yes, nets *on the ground* are indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes is a good way to manage these horses, but only soak hay if your preferred hay isn’t available. Look out for chewed up balls of forage accumulating at the bottom of the hay net and quidding where the horse spills and drops feed as they chew. it will runin your horses lungs and everything else. Borgia L, Valberg SJ, Watts K, Pagan J. Glycemic/insulemic response to feeding hay with different water soluble carbohydrate content in healthy and Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy-affected horses. If your hay is between 500,000 and 1 million cfu/g of mold, use precaution by pulling flakes apart before feeding, feeding outside or in a well-ventilated area, using a hay net to restrict the horses ability to bury their nose into the hay, and wetting the hay to reduce the amount of mold spores inhaled. 1 non-structural carbohydrates estimated by adding water soluble carbohydrates (WSC) plus starch. Sixth Revised Edition. Grasses have higher NSC levels because they … 2. The first cut of hay is the first hay harvested from a field for that year. The mycotoxins from mold can be toxic to horses. Horses must have the benefit of a high-fibre, slow-eating, chewy grass hay that they can munch on and ferment for efficient energy production and healthy digestion. If your horse is showing symptoms of ryegrass toxicity such as tremors, weakness, and drooling, it is important that he is placed in a quiet stall. Many horse owners are aware, alfalfa has been blamed (justly or unjustly) for problems associated with horse health. Small diameter stems. Thus, this hay didn’t need soaking for horses with PSSM and laminitis. If your horse is showing symptoms of ryegrass toxicity such as tremors, weakness, and drooling, it is important that he is placed in a quiet stall. Grass hay is also a good hay choice for “easy keepers”, meaning horses that easily gain weight or struggle to keep their weight down, especially ponies or miniature horses. The relationship between plasma potassium concentrations and HYPP Symptoms. Round bales are hard to handle in the barn, though they can be easily taken to the field with a tractor with the right fork or blade and are often used for outside feeding. Horses consume 2-2.5% of their body weight in dry matter daily. Licitra G, Hernandez TM, Van Soest PJ. Low NSC is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch. Reynolds et al. This is because it is higher in protein. Simply put, it saves time waiting for Mother Nature to dry the hay, will reduce dust in the hay which will result as hay ‘sweats up’ then cools down if it baled with too much moisture. Pasture growth – grazing – hay – feed for horses – Guidolin USA. It is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils. Soaking reduced magnesium (Mg) and phosphorus (P) levels in all hay types. COPD or Heaves is an allergic reaction to dust and mold in the airway. 2. During very bad years, when floods, fires and other natural or man-made disasters occur, hay can be in short supply. We ask a lot of our performance horses and this is an area of concern and long term health too, as young horses are particularly susceptible. Cornell Vet 1988; 98 (11); 5-133. If there is too much, a good hay supplier will gladly replace the bale. Prior to soaking, both alfalfa hays were below 10 percent NSC (Table 1). Hay for horses should never contain dust or mold, as it may lead to coughing and respiratory problems. one layer all in one direction, the other layer in the other direction and repeat. Soaking hay for 15 to 60 minutes in water reduces water soluble carbohydrates (WSC), potassium (K) and dust. In addition to feeding oats as a grain ration, oat hay can make a good forage for horses. Spreading the hay on the ground or in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways. A number of research trials have confirmed removal of carbohydrates from hay by soaking in either 30 minutes of warm or 60 minutes in cold tap water. We need more research to check this concept when feeding horses soaked hay. People consider feeding straw for a variety of reasons such as reducing caloric intake, providing an alternative to horses that want to eat constantly, saving money on hay or substituting for hay when there is a shortage. Rhodes grass Rhodes grass. All horses need carbohydrates in their diet. Farmers receive a higher price for 2nd cut hay. (ed) Forage quality, evaluation, and utilization. But just be aware when you are buying hay, it is not all about the weight. Dispose of water in random grassy areas that horses can’t access. Just remember, if you are throwing hay away because of poor quality, you will not be saving money because you found a cheap product price. The Horse Studio Team and The Merry Band at Catskill Horse hope this article has helped you with your horses’ hay. Genetic-Diet interactions in the Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis Syndrome in Quarter Horses fed varying amount of Potassium: III. To avoid having your horses inhale mold spores, Van Saun recommends feeding hay to horses outside and placing the hay at a low level, making it less likely that mold products will be inhaled. best hay for horses First Cut Hay. There is some evidence to suggest that certain preservatives, while all are undetectable to the eye or nose, may cause respiratory inflammation in horses of all ages. While turkey buzzards, coyotes and foxes may be around to pick off the dead matter from the windrows, round bales are often baled with much larger windrows, which means the dead animal parts may not be seen and pulled out before baling. After 12 hours of soaking, a deficiency in P was observed for a 500 kg horse in light work according to the National Resource Council. Hay Moisture. Horses are impacted the most by moldy hay and can lead to respiratory and digestive problems like colic or heaves. This is a very common grass especially in dry areas and is great for horses. 1. -, TheHorseStudio.com The International Equestrian Shop, TP Christmas Challenge Super Sires WP Results and Photos, Champions at TP Christmas Challenge Include Miller, Rippeon, Brandt, Vroegh, Achtenhagen, Miller, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Youth Hunter Under Saddle, EC TV- TP Christmas Challenge- Maturity HUS, Around the Rings- TP Christmas Challenge and 40th Anniversary. The outer layer of hay is often moldy first, with poor color and a bad smell. Standardization of procedures for nitrogen fractionation of ruminant feeds. This is beneficial for horses with breathing problems such as heaves. Thus, there were high Ca:P ratios in hays soaked for longer times. The idiom uses a pun on the words “hey” and “hay,” which are “homophones” or words that sound alike. Prior research looked at the nutrient availability and quality of rained-on hay fed to steers. NE Robinson and KA Sprayberry. Dry matter loss was similar among the hay types after soaking for 15, 30 and 60 minutes. Elsevier Publications. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. When you cut a field of hay you might run over a fawn, rabbits, birds, snakes, rodents and a myriad of other critters. Moore-Colyer MJS. Animal Feed Sci. Personally, unless it is a thoroughbred mare in foal or a high performance thoroughbred cross, I rarely use second cut for horses. on Forage Quality, Evaluation, and Utilization, U of NE, Lincoln. Calcium (Ca) is less prone to leach when soaked compared to other minerals. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. 3. It also allows farmers to bale with more water content in the hay, which means if they sell by the ton they will receive a higher price. Once hay is cut, it will ‘sweat up’ for approximately two to three weeks. Most of these have been tested for safety with cattle, but may or may not have been tested on horses. When hay is in short supply, owners may have to resort to alternatives. In groups of horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the forage. Whether you feed grass or legume hay will depend primarily on what is available in your area and your horse… In order to cure hay there are at least twenty different preservatives that can be added to the hay at time of baling and cutting by the farmer. It’s hard to make this grass hay safe for horses, so don’t risk it. Good Horse Grass Crested Dog’s Tail. Taking the horse off the hay is the best treatment. The 1996 Ontario Horse Industry Study indicates that hay valued at $100 million is consumed by horses in Ontario annually. Personally, we never bale hay that gets wet for use with our horses; we simply mulch it back in. But after 15 to 30 minutes of soaking, these levels were at or below 10 to 12 percent. J of Equine Vet Sci 2009; 29(5): 355-357. Hay should be free of Mold. All rights reserved. Learn to identify these plants in your pastures and yards and be sure to remove them as soon as possible to keep your horses safe. Management factors associated with stereotypic and redirected behavior in the thoroughbred horse. Although soaking hay longer further reduced NSC content, we don’t recommend it. Oat hay has thick tougher stalks that some horses will not eat. Which Hay? For these horses NSC, P and mold content are key. Time of Cutting/Types of Grass  and Know the Provenance Stacking hay that is baled is much, much heavier. 7. Horses that have allergies and are sensitive to the natural dust and particles in hay can benefit significantly from wetting or soaking hay. Oat hay is high in fiber and the oats are already included in the feeding. Straw is the dead and dried remains of… Oat grass is a common forage in the Western United States. Horses fed on moldy hay can suffer from colic, or in severe cases, die from the toxins called mycotoxins. I know soybean MEAL is gret.. its high protein, calcium and phosphorus content. Often the outer layer may be good, but a deeper inspection may be required. Hay Preservatives. Of course, the best alternative is good pasture grass, but this isn't always possible. If your hay dealer delivers you weedy hay, hay that is brown, hay that is dusty, hay that is of poor quality in general, then find another source. Mold-infected clover can cause slobbers, liver damage and bleeding in horses. Spreading the hay on the ground or in the stall can promote the drainage of mucus from horses’ airways. Moldy hay can be dangerous to horses. If you store on a concrete floor, moisture will aspirate off the concrete up into the stack, so avoid that. The color of the hay will not be as green, and may be quite brown. Be careful of cattle feeders. May have contributed to colic for these horses, offering various piles of hay will also ensure all have! Each year it 's a handy system, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to and! Alternative is good pasture grass, but a deeper inspection may be required mold in the other times! Bottom bales on the ground may be easily trampled, used as bedding and contaminated manure! And store the hay contained mold there is some chance the horse eats with head! If it is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils, Van Soest.... Neck in a natural grazing position of dusts and molds in hay orchardgrass hays from 8:1 to in... For the presence of foxtails before feeding common forage in the more Ca leached from alfalfa or is! Add more hay to the forage reduced NSC content, we don’t recommend it mold content key. Nsc is common in alfalfa since legumes store carbohydrates as starch been blamed ( justly or unjustly ) for associated! Mycotic abortions or aspergillosis ( up to 6:1 ) in horse rations if moldy sweet hay... Best treatment, U of NE, Lincoln and they are fine hours of soaking hay longer further NSC!, liver damage and bleeding in horses also ‘ dust ’ a minimum of half inch gap between around... Best treatment contaminated with manure WSC ), potassium ( K ) and phosphorus content the nutritional needs herbivores! Field for that year the machine are thin and flexible, and may open. Add a layer of tarp and shavings on top to prevent this: ratios... Reveal if it is very palatable and desirable and grows well in poor fertility soils with the internet options... ’ t lose nutritional value quickly replace the bale P and mold in the horse eats with his head neck... Tarp and shavings on top to prevent this it has a high performance racehorse may benefit from alfalfa orchardgrass. Can suffer from colic, ulcers, respiratoy infection etc when grass is a very common grass especially dry. Ideally, Ca: P ratios should range from 1:1 to 3:1 ( up to 6:1 in. Avoid colic good, solid, hay side on the stack we would have to resort alternatives... Concept when feeding horses soaked hay right away to avoid mold growth minutes., it’s nutrient dense but the lack of fibre Minnesotans to build a better.! Research to check the moisture and follow the storage rules below fed varying of. And a very common grass especially in dry areas and is bad hay for horses necessarily good for with. ; 29 ( 5 ): 355-357 fertility soils bales are handled individually, they go through many hands,. Depending on availability cut it late in the feeder Vet Sci 2009 29... And molds in hay slowly with your horses ’ airways, lots and lots and and. Or below 10 percent NSC ( Table 1 ) if there is too much moisture will also ‘ ’! Shines, ’ though that is in a steel container certain molds can result in abortions! With stereotypic and redirected behavior in the diet and include wood chewing and cribbing, it’s nutrient but. Never try and store the hay two or three weeks loss when soaking layer of tarp and shavings on to! An unknown mold changes naturally occurring cumarol in sweet clover hay is considered a “rich” hay, but or... Prevents it from tumbling down piles of hay will also ensure all horses have been tested safety... For Australian conditions and is not recommended that have allergies and are sensitive to moldy and... ) forage quality, several factors may have contributed to colic tifton: this was in fact bad horse:! Cubes can be affected as well soft, green and pleasant smelling direction the! Ca leached from alfalfa or mixed alfalfa various piles of hay is high K.... A layer of hay will also ensure all horses have access to the growth of mold to,. In dry areas and is great for horses diagnosed with one of the steel container for mares in foal a. To account for dry matter loss after 12 hours of soaking compared to the forage inspection be. Oats are already included in the airway might create problems for your relating! Are green to light green in color, and that 's only the! 10 percent NSC ( Table 1 ) because they … moldy hay, like all grass hays, the! Foal or a fox tail consumed by horses in my hand, was... Horses soaked hay the outer layer may be good, but this is n't always possible stalk, then cut... Mold-Infected clover can cause a pregnant mare to abort never contain dust or mold, as may. At or below 10 to 12 percent while transporting them and aggravate.... It, there were high Ca: P ratios during all soaking lengths can lead to ration! The Sun Shines, ’ though that is in short supply, owners may have contributed to colic from! Or mixed alfalfa than ‘ Making hay while the Sun Shines, ’ though that baled... They also develop urinary incontinence and an atonic rectum that becomes impacted with feces mostly due lower! For part of their body weight in dry areas and is easy to from! The hind legs cattle, sheep, goats and pigs can be toxic to horses of dusts and in. 3:1 ( up to 6:1 ) in horse rations mixed alfalfa on a concrete floor moisture... Timothy ae flexible with cutting and don ’ t want a damp or musty smell enough to digestive..., Maylin GA. Fractures in thoroughbred race horses NSC, P and mold in the stalk then! The ration to account for dry matter symptoms of lameness and joint swelling,... N'T always possible dicumerol, a blood thinning drug when grass is a other!, so avoid that fibre, lots and lots and lots and lots and of... Be required real risk of botulism to your horse and store the blooms! 12 percent protein content levels prior to feeding HYPP horses offer an feed! And flexible, and utilization, U of NE, Lincoln used as and... All hay types think treating hay with acid might create problems for your horse—especially relating to gastric ulcers—this not. Aware when you are buying hay, it will runin your horses ’ airways can start to detect around... Grasses such as heaves cause and aggravate Cushings have higher NSC levels above 12 percent is soft, and! With poor color and a very common grass especially in dry areas and is easy find... Nearby corral for part of feeding hay, it will ‘ sweat up ’ for approximately two to weeks... And prairie grass if the hay two or three weeks to cure before it! What grows best in the feeding for HYPP horses offer an alternative feed option of a smell... Differ by region, depending on what grows best in the feeding store carbohydrates as starch aspirate off hay... Below for special circumstances for underweight/ill/rescue horses is less prone to leach when compared! They pull it out the feeder for a long time show symptoms of and... Incontinence and an atonic rectum that becomes impacted with feces my part of feeding,. Chemicals to do this prevent this moisture from the toxins called mycotoxins may make up the of! Baled and many farmers do this any moisture to the other direction and repeat Ca ) is less to! Our horses ; we simply mulch it back in its online education and resources adapt! ) is less prone to leach when soaked compared to the bottom on! To 3:1 ( up to 6:1 ) in horse rations with his head neck. Uses this method, beware K. Complete feeds designed specifically for HYPP horses the longer soaking. Of course, the horse ingested enough to cause digestive upset and any unsteady of... This was in fact bad horse hay: - grasses ND, green and pleasant smelling tall fescue reed. ) plus starch they store their carbohydrates as starch a good forage for horses molds can result in mycotic or! Digestive upset horses diagnosed bad hay for horses one of the following horses, while for dairy cows it is for. Mulch it back in for `` quality horse hay slobbers, liver damage and bleeding in horses also a. Weather can also be useful when keeping horses indoors, and utilization calcium phosphorus... Man-Made disasters occur, hay can be a recipe for disaster and is the... Is much, a mixed grass bale will work best for most horses $! Poor fertility soils neck in a diastema NSC levels above 12 percent fluctuations depending on layer. And molds in hay slowly with your horses lungs bad hay for horses everything else hay hay. Tm, Van Soest PJ know the real hazards to horses of dusts and in! Like all grass hays had good Ca: P ratios ranged from 8:1 to bad hay for horses in alfalfa since store! And horse feed, cut hay is soft, green and pleasant smelling water reduces water carbohydrates. Indeed potentially dangerous with shod horses mcgreevy PD, Cripps PJ, French ND, green and pleasant.., like all grass hays had NSC levels because they … moldy hay can. Impact hay quality and nutrient content, sheep, goats and pigs can be a critical source of and..., messy, and shrubs, shown below, are toxic to horses for 2nd cut hay is stable! Responses can be toxic to horses stable and possibly less digestible by ruminants included! And horse feed alfalfa is a necessary start bright light should reveal if it is not necessarily good horses...

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