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The upper leaf surfaces are deep green, while the lower surfaces are lighter green. Other Name. The relative toxicity of individual leaves is low—horses must consume hundreds of pounds to experience ill effects. Canadian Fleabane . However, bracken fern is unique among the toxic plants in that some horses seem to develop a taste for it and will seek it out even when other forages are available. Amazing! Horse owners need to be aware that red maple leaves are rated as highly toxic to horses, ingestion of as little as 3 pounds can be a lethal dose. Iron is needed for the production of red blood cells and haemoglobin. Ball nettle. Horsenettle – Identification. The stems, petioles, and central leaf vein, and occasionally the leaf margins, have sharp and painful prickles. Solanaceae. Horses generally won't eat this plant unless they have nothing else to eat. Pasture Weed Fact Sheet W 264 . Range: South-eastern N. America - New England to Florida, west to Texas and South Dakota. Horse nettle, which also goes by the formal name of Solanum carolinense, is a perennial weed that grows in tall, vertical stalks that can reach up to 4 feet tall. The toxicity may depend upon the maturity of the plants, because more toxins are present in the fruits than in the leaves. The young seedlings are also edible. Western horse nettle leaves are oval, have five to seven lobes and reach up to 6 inches long. Horsenettle, Solanum Carolinense, is similar looking to the Tropical Soda Apple but is a smaller plant. Identification A perennial from rhizomes with conspicuous spines on leaves and stems reaching 3 feet in height. Flowers and Fruit. It helps digest nutrients more effectively and is used to balance the digestive disorder. Weed Seed: Solanum carolinense (Horse nettle) Family. toxic than leaves, which are more toxic than stems and roots. It is a perennial herbaceous plant, native to the southeastern United States that has spread widely throughout much of temperate North America. Horse-nettle Scouting and Prevention: Horsenettle has an erect stem that stands about 60 to 100 cm tall with a few branches that are covered with tiny hairs at the top of the plant. Carolina horse nettle can be toxic to livestock. Habitats: Dry fields and waste ground, usually in sandy soils[4, 222, 235]. Horses have been reported to lean away from the affected side, repeatedly throw themselves to the ground, or collapse. The root system forms a rather shallow mat off the main tap root. Nettles for horses are rich in Iron and Vitamin C, and most horses will happily eat them out in the fields once they have been chopped down an allowed to wilt so they loose their sting. Reply. They have been recommended in the treatment of asthma, bronchitis and other convulsive disorders. Fibrous hairs arise from a central taproot and from creeping rhizomes. Horsenettle is distributed widely across most of the United States, especially in the eastern half and the western coastal states. What Horsenettle Looks Like. Inflorescences: Racemes or 2-3 raceme-like clusters, terminal. I boil some leaves and drink as a tea, ate the boiled leaves. The leaves are best dried and stored for later use to help flavour meals (flavour is similar to tarragon). Leaves. Horse Nettle is a good plant just to look at but not to touch. Medicinal use of Horse Nettle: The berries and the root are anodyne, antispasmodic, aphrodisiac and diuretic. Q: This weed grows in a semi-shaded, wooded area in my backyard, reaching 12 inches or more in height. Several 3/4 inch (2 cm.) The flowers are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. The leaves are the same with the stinging nettle, only that they don’t have the thing that stung. Both the stem and underside of the leaves have thorns or nettles. Nettles are native to Western North America, Northern Africa, Europe and Asia. The leaves on the Horsenettle alternate one another and have 2 to 5 shallow to deep lobed or sharp-points on each side of the leaf. Management in Pastures and Hay Fields As is the case with most other weeds, prevention is an important component of an overall management plan. Though there are other horsenettle nightshades, S. carolinense is the species most commonly called "the horsenettle". The 5 petals tend to be united. (Horse-Nettle (Solanum carolinense) - 01a) The horse nettle leaves, which grow alternately from the stem, are elliptical or oval with broadly toothed edges. When touched, the plant injects a compound derived from formic acid into the hapless unfortunate that got a nettle or two in their skin. 2016 Footnote 1). Although most specimens of this species are less than 2 feet tall, some grow to 3 feet. A plant so common that it is found on nearly every piece of waste ground, yet a nettle supplement for horses can be really helpful, as it has been for humans since anglo saxon times. In manufacturing, stinging nettle extract is used as an ingredient in hair and skin products. Chiron Horse has moderate arthritis around T14/15 and nettle helps to rid the body of uric acid that is associated with that inflammation – it also benefits those humans with gout. Canadian: Occurs in ON and QC (Brouillet et al. Artichoke leaves enhance the horses body cell regeneration as well as liver and kidney function. Horse Nettle, Carolina horsenettle: Family: Solanaceae: USDA hardiness: 3-7: Known Hazards: All parts of the plant are potentially poisonous[222]. A … In foods, young stinging nettle leaves are eaten as a cooked vegetable. Some horses do have a nettles allergy that causes problems within the gastrointestinal tract. It is also called treadsalve. However, when cut down and dried, that vicious sting is lost, and the plant be consumed by both human and horse. What does horse nettle look like? Horsenettle flowers can be purple or white where Tropical Soda Apple has only white blossoms. Primary Noxious, Class 2 in the Canadian Weed Seeds Order, 2016 under the Seeds Act.. Distribution. Synonym. Canada Thistle is a pesky weed for Ohio farmers. It also increases the gastric mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract mucus […] Bentonite Clay 1kg £ 12.95. Horse Nettles, photo by Illinois Wildflowers. The white horsenettle is one of several dozen species of so-called "stinging nettles"; the plants themselves have thin, hair-like thorns along their leaves and stalks. Horse nettle also produces a fruit that is about 1/2 inch in diameter; it is green with light green vertical bands until maturity, when it becomes yellow. Leaves also emit a potato odor when crushed, and con-tain prominent prickles on the midvein and petiole (2). The flowers are pale violet to white in color, clustered near the top of the plant. Horse nettle, Carolina horse nettle, bull nettle Botanic Name Solanum carolinense Plant Family ... Leaves are simple, alternate, oblong, and irregularly lobed. Flowers bloom in late-spring to early summer, forming yellow berries containing seeds that shrivel in the fall. Tox-icity is usually higher in late summer to fall than in the spring. Other common names include radical weed, sand brier or briar, bull nettle, tread-softly, Solanum mammosum ("apple of Sodom"), devil's tomato and wild tomato. Origin: Southeastern North America. Fatalities have been reported with children[222]. Solanine is a glycoalkaloid that affects the horse's central nervous system and gastrointestinal tract. drooping flowers grow in a raceme. Solanum carolinense, the Carolina horsenettle, is not a true nettle, but a member of the Solanaceae, or nightshade family. The caterpillars of the oak processionary moth are a real pest. Kiltz (1930) showed that vertical taproots would grow to depths of 2.4 m and that horizontal roots were found in the upper 45 cm of soil. Leaves are elliptic-oblong to oval, alternate, petioled, 2.5-4.5 inches long and covered on both surfaces with hairs. It has pale purple flowers. Horse nettle. Horsenettle (Solanum carolinense L.)Life Cycle: Perennial. Regulation. The Tropical Soda Apple has larger leaves and long thorns and is more shrubby. Flower bugs are common insects that feed on aphids and mites. Charlie and Amber are no spring chickens, in terms of years, and they may also benefit from this effect to help keep them as mobile as they are. "Horsenettle" is also written "horse nettle" or "horse-nettle", though USDA publications usually use the one-word form. Leaves: Alternate, egg-shaped to elliptic-lanceolate, 2.4 to 6 inches long, 2 to 4 inches wide, surfaces covered with tiny star-shaped hairs; margins irregularly wavy; stalks short, stout. All branches and stems are sharp, hard and have 5 mm long spikes. Description Top of page S. carolinense is a perennial broadleaf weed that is 30 to 120 cm tall, erect and loosely branched. Western horse nettle is a weedy perennial in the Nightshade family. The leaves are alternate, 2.75 to 4.75 inches long and approximately 1 to 3 inches wide with lobed margins. The stem and undersides of larger leaf veins are covered with spines. Horse nettle is poisonous to horses in fresh or dried form, as it contains highly toxic alkaloids, the most meaningful being solanine. Nettles, also called common nettle, stinging nettle, nettle leaf and urtica dioica, are a part of the Urticaceae family and are a herbaceous perennial, flowering plant. Flowers of horsenettle are borne in clusters. top. The leaves, petioles (leaf stems) and branched stems of western horsenettle carry sharp spines. It has also been found in parts of Europe, Asia, and Australia. The leaves are usually shallowly lobed and up to about 5 inches long. Nettles (Urtica dioica) accumulate large quantities of nitrogen, calcium, silica, iron, phosphates and vitamins B, C & K. You can identify the common flower bug by its tiny oval body, reflective wings and orange-brown legs. Horse Nettle (also called Bull Nettle, Carolina Horsenettle - all parts) Horse Chestnut (also called Buckeye, Ohio Buckeye - buds, nuts, leaves, bark, seedlings, honey) Horsebrush (foliage) Flower bugs bites can be painful and very itchy, and are often slow to heal. The leaves are a good source of calcium and potassium and well as protein. Caterpillar hairs. Carolina Horse Nettle is weak-stemmed and can be sprawling, or erect to about 3 feed tall. Nettle leaves must first be cooked or steamed to destroy the hairs on them, which contain a number of irritating chemicals. Horsenettle – Identification. Native people once pulverized the young tops and leaves and ate them raw (similar to using an onion). Common Name. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! The Stinging Nettle. Leaves alternate (1 per node), elliptic in outline but shallowly to deeply lobed with 2 to 5 rounded or sharp-pointed lobes on each side, finely hairy on both surfaces with star-shaped hairs plus several, long, hard spines, at least on the underside along the midrib and main veins. The stalk and leaves of the weed are covered with tiny thorns, and each stalk produces a white-colored, star-shaped flower in the spring. The flowers of the horse nettle are usually white, but may also be blue or lavender. They have been used in the treatment of epilepsy. They are pubescent on the upper surface and have sessile stellate (star-shaped) hairs on the lower surface. Poisonous: Yes. As if playing “King of The Mountain” the vine and flower of the Morning Glory take advantage of an accommodating Moth Mullein. 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